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Terms Beginning with R

Rescue Plan

The Rescue plan is a written document which outlines how a rescue of an injured or incapacitated worker could be safely and efficiently conducted on a given job site if required. It contains all required information to both initiate and complete a rescue and the ways to summon outside assistance if required. All contingencies should be considered in the development of a rescue plan with safety of all workers being the main priority.

See also: Emergency response plan

Rescue Service

An organization determined by the employer to be capable of performing the safe, efficient, and effective rescue of a worker at any location on the job site.

Rescue Technician

GMS Rescue Technicians have extensive working experience with pilots and helicopters. Each Rescue Technician holds a variety of Rescue and Risk Management Organizations memberships appropriate for the required scope of rescue response.


Risk is the chance or probability that a person or object will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard. It may also apply to situations with property or equipment loss. Risk can be defined as (hazard) x (vulnerability) See also: Hazard

Risk Assessment

The risk assessment is a process where GMS Identifies hazards, analyzes and evaluates the risk associated with those hazards and then determines appropriate ways to eliminate or control the hazards or risks.

Risk Assessment (Avalanche)

Once the employer’s initial evaluation determines that there is or may be a risk from a snow avalanche, a risk assessment must be conducted in accordance with CAA’s Land Managers Guide to Snow Avalanche Hazards in Canada and Guidelines for Snow Avalanche Risk Determination and Mapping in Canada.

The avalanche risk assessment is a written document prepared by a qualified GMS employee which Identifies avalanche hazards, analyzes and evaluates the avalanche risk associated with those hazards and then determines appropriate ways to eliminate or control the hazards or risks.

In conducting the avalanche risk assessment, the qualified person must consider all of the hazards and risks associated with an avalanche, including, without limitation, the following:

(a) the topography and vegetation in the area of the workplace;

(b) the snow conditions in the area of the workplace;

(c) the history of avalanches in the area of the workplace;

(d) the nature and duration of work activities to be carried out at the workplace;

(e) the extent, if any, to which the nature and duration of work activities to be carried out at the workplace may affect the topography, vegetation or snow conditions in the area of the workplace;

(f) the nature of the workplace and the buildings and structures at the workplace.

Risk (Avalanche)

Avalanche risk is the probability or chance of harm resulting from interactions between the avalanche hazard at a given time and a specific element at risk. Avalanche risk is determined by the exposure of that element (where, when and for how long), and its vulnerability / susceptibility to the avalanche hazard.

see also: Risk

Risk Management

Risk management is the act of taking deliberate actions to control the risk to workers on a jobsite. This is accomplished by performing a detailed risk assessment and then creating a safe work plan. A well implemented safe work plan will keep risk levels between the lower and upper limits of acceptable risk for the operation.

Risk Management (Avalanche)

Avalanche risk management is the act of taking deliberate actions to control the risk to a jobsite and is a key element in a jobsites overall risk management program. This is accomplished by performing a detailed avalanche risk assessment and then creating an Avalanche safety plan. A well implemented avalanche safety plan will keep risk levels between the lower and upper limits of acceptable risk for the operation.

See also: Risk Management. 

Risk Mitigation

Risk mitigation is the act of reducing the risk to persons or property by either removing or reducing the hazard, or by decreasing the vulnerability of the element at risk to the hazard. Only once the risk has been mitigated to acceptable levels can work be allowed to proceed. For example dropped tools for workers at height. Possible mitigation could be to tie off tools at all times, (Decrease Hazard.) and have workers wear Helmets (Decreased vulnerability.) and never work above another worker (Decreased probability) .

Rigging For Rescue

Rigging for rescue is an series of courses directed toward rescue professionals designed to train rescuers in advanced high angle rope rescue techniques. 

Right To Refuse Work

Global mountain solutions (GMS) gives all workers the right to refuse or to stop work that he or she believes is unsafe to himself/ herself or another worker without fear of penalty from GMS staff, supervisors or administrators. All workers are encouraged to maintain open lines of communication with regards to safety.  In the event a  safety concern is identified work is to stop and are to be addressed before work is to recommence. Work refusals or work stoppages are to be documented along with the corresponding risk mitigations enacted.

Rock Slope Stabilization

Rock Slope Stabilization is the act of reducing a given slopes propensity to slide or produce rock fall events through mitigation techniques. Global Rock Works begins each rock slope stabilization process with a through geotechnical analysis of the rock slope in question, it’s strata, drainage, climatic events and other properties of the particular rock slope are taken into consideration to devise the most best solution for the needs of the client. The selected mitigations are then implemented which include, but are not limited too: High scaling, drape mesh installation, and rock drilling for drains or to anchor unstable regions.

Rock Works

Rock works is a term used to describe a variety of work associated with rock slope stabilization and high angle rock slope construction installations as well as high angle tree falling or brush clearing. Rockworks projects utilize specialized rope access and construction equipment designed to be used in a vertical or high angle environment. Projects are often remote and at times only accessible by helicopter. Examples of common rock works projects are: High angle scaling, high angle drilling for rock bolts, anchor points, or drain installations, installation of drape netting or high energy rock fall fencing, and installation of anchor points for towers or other structures. Global Rock Works (GRW- A division of Global Mountain Solutions) is Canada’s first and only Rope Access certified rockworks company making GRW an industry leader in worksite safety and efficiency.

See also: Drilling, Scaling, Meshing

Rope Access

A system of techniques by which access is gained to structures, geologic features, or other locations where ropes are the primary means of support, positioning, and fall protection. Also includes the use of climbing and aid climbing techniques with fall protection. An exceptionally safe, versatile, and cost-effective way to solve difficult access problems.

Rope Access Plan

A written statement prepared by GMS describing how a particular job should be undertaken to ensure and risks to the health and safety of the workers, or others who may be affected, are minimized or eliminated.

See also: Access plan, safe work plan.

Rope Access Technician

A person who has completed a rope access certification program and has the appropriate training and experience to perform the duties required according to their certification level. There are three levels of rope access technician 1, 2 and 3. 

Route Finding

Route finding can be described as the art and science of selecting the safest, most efficient and most enjoyable route though a section of terrain. Global Mountain Solutions operatives are experts trained and certified in route finding through all types of mountain terrain including glaciers, snowfields, canyons, steep rock faces, frozen waterfalls and high peaks.